Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term describing the range of effects that can occur in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. These effects can include physical, mental, behavioral, and/or learning disabilities with possible lifelong implications. The term FASD is not intended for use as a clinical diagnosis. FASD includes conditions such as: ¨ Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) ¨ Partial fetal alcohol syndrome (PFAS) ¨ Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) ¨ Alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD) Fetal alcohol effects (FAE) * obsolete terminology