Giving infants water...

Desiree - posted on 12/29/2009 ( 174 moms have responded )

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My friend gives her straight water sometimes. My daughters have always been on the constipated side. They are days away from being 5 months (but were 2 months premature) How much water can you give an infant? How often? And when can you start? I don't want to give them any juices because I don't think there premature tummys can handle that.

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LISA - posted on 12/31/2009

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I wouldn't give them too much water cause they are still infants and won't have room for the formula then.. give the a few sips, i used chamomille tea with the water and some sugar .. brown sugar is good it helps babies produce natural antihystamines for pain ...my sister is having the same problem i wouldn't give juice there's absolutely no nutritional value in it .. they probably on solids or starting solids applesauce is a sauce of the kinda fiber to make them go potty ..lol ! good luck

C. - posted on 12/31/2009

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Quoting Kirsty:

water is fine to give babies, it doesnt matter what age. It actually helps digestion. I used to give my little one a bottle of water before he had a bottle of milk. It doesnt fill their tummys but it gives them the water they need, especially when its a hot day. Just make sure if they r little its boiled cool water.


Oy, some moms are pretty uneducated about water intoxication, I must say.. I live in a hot environment and on the news in the summer they ALWAYS have to advise mothers to never give an infant younger than 6 months water b/c water intoxication is serious. There was a woman about a county over from me the same summer my son was born.. She was on the news b/c her baby was rushed to the ER b/c she had watered down her baby's formula, mainly to "stretch" the formula b/c they were short on cash and otherwise the baby wouldn't have any food. Her baby almost died from it and she was urging mothers to never give babies water unless directed by the doctor (like an ounce or two EVERY ONCE IN A WHILE for severe constipation, not an everyday, all day thing, mind you) b/c it can flush out the baby's electrolytes, cause their brain to swell and lead to death. 



Baby's get enough water from breastmilk and formula, b/c those are mostly water anyway (you can't produce milk w/o water!!!) So adding water to their diet b/c it's hot outside isn't necessary, just give them more formula or breastmilk b/c giving them bottles of plain water can cause a high imbalance of the sodium and nutrients that they need. And if you're worried about milk being left in their mouth, infant toothbrushes and infant gum cleanser is very inexpensive and will not risk your child's health.

Vonda - posted on 12/31/2009

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So I found several medical opinions about giving babies under 1 year old whom aren't eating solid food yet and this just summed up the whole thing: the quote is from babycenter.com and the doctor is: Stephen R. Daniels, pediatrician.This is a slight excerpt, however, it really summed up all the quotes from the other sites I visited.:
if you're feeding powdered or concentrated formula to your baby, never dilute it with more than the amount of water called for on the label.

"Your infant will get all the necessary hydration from breast milk or formula. Even when a mother's milk supply is just coming in during the first few days after delivery, the baby is getting colostrum, which is enough to keep her well hydrated.

Water can interfere with a young baby's ability to absorb the nutrients in breast milk or formula and, because it can make her feel full, it may prevent her from feeding as much as she should.

Giving water to an infant can also cause water intoxication, a serious condition that happens when too much water dilutes the concentration of sodium in the body, upsetting the electrolyte balance and causing tissues to swell. It's uncommon but serious, potentially causing seizures and even a coma.

If a young baby needs more hydration – because of a bout of gastroenteritis, for example – the doctor may recommend an electrolyte drink like Pedialyte or Infalyte.

You may have heard of researchers using sugar water to pacify babies during immunizations. While this practice might safely be used during a medical procedure, giving your baby sugar water at home (whether in an effort to pacify her or quench her thirst) isn't a good idea. She doesn't need the water, and the sugar isn't good for her."
Please be careful with this type of advice. Although water can be a really good thing, it can also cause damage. Whether in adults, communities, or children, water is a powerful thing, don't dismiss it because it's "just water afterall".

Cheryl - posted on 12/29/2009

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Infants do not need water and most pediatricians recommend not introducing water until they are over one year of age. This would be especially important for a premie. I am a nurse who started my career in the NICU

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Dur E Shewar - posted on 01/16/2010

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my gal was on breast milk, i started water at around 6 months, and she was just fine. cant say about ones on formula

Tanya - posted on 01/10/2010

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My doctor told me nothing until they were eating solid food. My baby is a premie so their just not ready for any of that.

CYBIL - posted on 01/10/2010

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Two children-both had water once they started solids and before on hot days. Water/ things to consider:

is it safe? ( meaning do you drink it, water supply ok, do you filter etc.), give in a cup to sip (this helps later with transitioning to a cup) if appropriate for your child/ dribbles are ok:)), watch how much you give so as not to disrupt milk intake ( check your baby books for exact amounts, but i did sips here and there and a little after solid meals...you can add more later as the babies get older.

tried this with mine.



used dr.sears' advice, the baby food book, mothering mag...all thought water ok and good.



good luck, cybil

Shalaina - posted on 01/10/2010

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One person said to keep trying different formulas but I would advise against that. My doctor said if the baby is growing well and thriving on what they are already on you shouldn't change it. They already get water in their formula so we have been told they do not need it and it can be very dangerous if given too much and since your babies are preemies I would be very careful about that! It will deplete the nutrients that they get from their formula/breast milk if given too much. We were told if necessary we could give him around 1oz of juice with a little water to dilute it to help him get back on track. Just make sure that not too much of other liquids besides what they truly need are given or they may get too full and not want their formula/breast milk. You could also look into Gripe Water, it is all natural and seems to help with a lot of things. Good luck!

Elizabetb - posted on 01/09/2010

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water is great for them i ama mum of 5 and i used to put water in a bottle and let them try a bit more each time to get them used to it, now mine wont drink anything but water they will chose it over softdrink everytime, my eldest is 14 and youngerst is 2,good luck

Wendy - posted on 01/07/2010

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I never gave my son straight water until he started using sippy cups. . . I could have earlier but just didn't see the need to. I did give him juice when he started solid foods at 6 months old, and just diluted it 50-50 with water though. He had some major constipation problems as well, and apple juice does wonders! Stay away from the bananas though.

Kelly - posted on 01/07/2010

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At that age I didn't do water. If they are starting any foods it's only cereal and I would save all drinking for formula or breast milk. they need the calories and they may fill up on water and then not get enough nutrition. Mine took juice or a 50/50 juice and water mixture closer to one year when they started walking and were more active and then got thirsty but it then went into a sippy cup or a bottle and they were old enough to drink from a bottle themselves.

Kelley - posted on 01/07/2010

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Are you giving them anything other than breastmilk? If you are, that's more likely causing the constipation than a lack of water. Bananas and rice cereal can be very binding, and are often babies' first foods. ... On that note, on the off chance you are giving them anything aside from breastmilk, WHO and AAP changed their dietary recommendations to include avoiding solid foods until at least 6 months of age (adjusted age) and did away with the whole 4-6 month thing, jsyk.

Evie - posted on 01/07/2010

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When nursing we use to give babies 5-10 mls of boiled water especially in hot weather, we would give the new born babies boiled water to help break their colic. Do not go onto orange juice as this is too acidic for a prem's bowel but always dilute juice with water. It is better not to start juice until babies are approximately 12 months old when their little systems are well developed. Cooled boiled water can be given at any time and will not interfere with babies feeding pattern. Hope this helps

Cheers

Evie (Nurse)

Ceres - posted on 01/07/2010

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An ounce or two of water per day will NOT cause the electrolytes to be dangerously washed out of baby's system - especially a 5 month old's. Twenty years ago mothers were encouraged to give their babies water to help with jaundice and, while it is not the practice now, I never knew a baby that got sick from it. Moderation is the key. Think about it - how many people mix a baby's formula (the concentrate or powder) and accidentally add an ounce more or less of water - without the least bit of problem for the baby. If breastfed, an infant gets plenty of water through the mother's milk, but at five months old, especially in a hot climate, the child is moving around more and is often taken outside more, which would cause the loss of extra moisture from his or her body even on a pleasant day of 80 degrees and sitting in the shade. Formula can be too concentrated for some children and excess iron can cause constipation. My daughter had to be moved to a different formula that suited her system better. Reading the posts, one can tell that there is total disagreement, even among pediatricians, about water usage for a 5 month old. This just proves that a few ounces of water per day will not hurt your child (at 5 months) - if it was really harmful, they would all agree on not doing it. After asking around, in the end, use moderation and the common sense God gave you, along with what works for your child. Each child is wonderfully unique and will have somewhat different needs ... and that's OK. :-) Mary

Vonda - posted on 01/06/2010

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Alyssa, your response was thoughful and kind.
My way of thinking on this issue is this: Before bottles existed, how did parents feed their infants water? The fact is; they didn't. If infants needed to be fed water, humans would not possess breasts, but externally refillable pouches with nipples. That is the only way a human would be able to give an infant water without bottles.

Brooklyn - posted on 01/06/2010

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water is good for there little tummies!!!! you can start with one ouces, i'll try right before feeding, give water first cuz they will suck it cuz their hungery,you can start now i started a birth it keeps their mouth clean and helps with being constipated it will softing the stools two or three times a day should be good if it's just one ouces

Hazel - posted on 01/06/2010

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We always gave our babies 1ounce a day with half teaspoon karo syrup but baby has to be over four months and sitting up real straight and never without close supervision,preferably holding baby again sitting up straight water strangles very easy

Renee - posted on 01/05/2010

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my daughter was also 2 months premature and has been constipated some she is almost 3 monthsher dr told me to give her an ounce of apple-prune juice a day to keep her regular.

Crystal - posted on 01/05/2010

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Boiled clean water just like you would use in a bottle with formula is fine. Don't do it daily but a bottle won't hurt them it helps clean them out. At 5 months I wouldn't even worry about it! Warm bottle of water couple times a week till movement starts then go back to formula or just dilute the formula even more. You can use the vitamin drops in formulas the rest of the time if your worried they aren't getting enough nutrition.

Jen - posted on 01/05/2010

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Both my duaghters have issues with constipation.. my middle child started as soon as we introduced formula, my youngest not until we started on whole milk. With my oldest he was controlled with baby food when he had issues.When my middle child was 5 months old, we were encouraged by our pediatrician to use Miralax. It worked fabulously and now at almost 4 she is still using it through the potty training phase. It is horrible to watch a child go through the constipation pains. We use Miralax for both my girls daily. They started with it in their first bottle of the day. Now I put it in their water. My 20 month old gets 1.5 tsp she is about 28 lbs, my 3.5 yr old gets 2.5 tsp. I hate giving any kind of meds unless necessary. My best friend is a doctor in Boston and my sister is a physicians assistant in NC and I always consult them about everything. So far so good and the kids have healthy BMs which is always a good thing. :) Good Luck.. FYI, I gave no sig water to oldest until he was almost 9 months. Gave my middle child water with ice to help with teething, and my youngest got water when she started on solids and the ice water for teething.. nothing too much..

Sonia - posted on 01/05/2010

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If you're still breastfeeding them, I think there's no need to give them water yet.

Allie - posted on 01/04/2010

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I give my little boy Andrew who is almost 6 months old, just a little bit of water when he eats his cereal during the day, just to make sure he gets it down good. he drinks it out of a sippy cup, which he has just started on so hes still trying to figure it out, so he probably drinks about an ounce a day maybe.

Deirdre - posted on 01/04/2010

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I would try that pedialyte juice, it also comes in unflavored kind for infants.

Alyssa - posted on 01/04/2010

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juice isnt really good for them till they are bout 6mnths anyway. and most people would say they should have boiled water for the little ones even when making bottles and things like that. i reckon water should be started at a young age so that they dont depend on just juice or milk as a substance to drink all the time. hope this helps

Brooklyn - posted on 01/04/2010

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my girls doctor and our lactation nurse has always said it's not needed. enough water is in breastmilk/formula already. Doctor also said if we really want to give water 2ozs only. Too much is not good for them. Ask your babies doctor.

Laurie - posted on 01/04/2010

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I am a grandmother to a 5 week old and the doctors say do not give them water because it has some sort of an effect on their little brains. They recommend the only water they get is in their formula for the first couple of months to 3 months. Absolutely no juice!

Sarah - posted on 01/03/2010

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Well with premature infants i dont think you should give them water probally until 6 months old you can also start on half juice and half water in a couple months just try something mild and if they dont go well wait then try again in a couple of months. it all depends on your child

Helen - posted on 01/03/2010

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oh and baby massage really helps with constipation! again, good luck, and mums, please stop being a bit horrid to each other! we're here to help and chat!

Helen - posted on 01/03/2010

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The problem is here, is that everyone has differing opinions. I, for instance, would never ever give my baby sugar water, but many mums have recommended this - and this obviously works for them, and that's fine. It depends totally on where you come from. Mums in the UK seem to have been given completely different advice from health visitors and dr's. I personally gave my daughter a little water at about five months old because my health visitor said babies can get thirsty just like us. Obviously after milk is better, or of course simply inbetween, say an hour after, so they are still hungry for milk. Good luck - to all of you lovely mums!

C. - posted on 01/03/2010

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Quoting Nicole:

not quite sure who to reply to, seems like people are being attacked on here, i wasn't telling anyone if they are or are not right or wrong, my last reply was from wykpedia and it does talk about water intoxification in adults, but if you read on it states circumstances that are more dangerous and one is size and specifically states "infants". i am also a pediatric nurse and have been one for 5 yrs now. i know some water may be ok i just simply stated to speak to her pedi for specific advice because it can be dangerous. i almost gave my infant h2o and my pedi nearly had heart failure, although when my son was sick he let me dilute his formula. but thanks to all who made this posting miserable, it was my first time on here actually putting in info and i feel like people were uneccessarily rude not just to myself but many of the replys. i thought this was a site for people to share ideas not attack each other.


Yes, there was one, maybe two comments on water intoxication in infants.. The rest was all about water intoxication in adults.. That's where I was getting at.. The majority of your post was about adults and we are talking about infants. I also do not recall anyone attacking you.. And if you were referring to my post, it wasn't meant as an attack and I really don't see how it could have been perceived as one.. But if you took it as a personal attack, I apologize. 

Stella - posted on 01/03/2010

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Every kid is different. What works for one baby may not work for another. In an instance like this one, I would check with your pediatrician especially given that your girls were preemies. If not, does your pedi's office have a nurse hotline for new moms to call? We have one here provided by the province. They are really good because they have a specific # for new moms to call with any questions however mundane they may seem. Def. check with a health care professional, especially because of the constipation. It may be as a result of something they are eating (speaking from experience) that their bodies are unable to process.

Monica - posted on 01/03/2010

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I am not a doctor but my dauther was constipated as an infant and the nurse said it was ok to give water, even when they are new born. She said the water does not hurt but they don't want parents to give the baby water in place of a feeding. So you would only give small amts like 1 ounce or so. THis way baby is still hungry and will still drink the milk whick has all the nutrients.

Candis - posted on 01/03/2010

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i have four children and one was premature four ounces a day is the best for babies their age .make a schedule to fit in 4 ounces within a 24 hour period

Beck - posted on 01/03/2010

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There is nothing wrong with giving a baby water as it is the largest ingrediant in formular based milk, do not replace feeds with water, continue to feed your child the correct amount of feeds based on the RDI*. Always boil the water first, and let cool, test on wrist by dropping a droplet and when you can hardley feel it then its right. I am Australian so we use (ml's) no more then 50mls when needed, as this will not hinder feeding time. BTW for the mothers that say provided extra formular feedings instead of compinsating with water, you could be going over the recommended intake of vitimins and minerals for your childs size and age which can cause other complications.

Emilia - posted on 01/03/2010

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I give my 2 month old chamomile tea - diluted. About 2 ozs every week, he loves it. If you are giving them formula make sure you don't fill the scoop all the way to the top.

Tammy - posted on 01/03/2010

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I have yet to give my 7 month old water.. Not taking any chances...good luck

Rachel - posted on 01/03/2010

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My son is 2 weeks away from being 5 months, and i have been giving him water ever since i switched from breastmilk to formula...as i found it made him constipated. i spoke to my health visitor who said that it was fine, so i always give him warm water after his feed, if he is thirsty then he takes it.... if he doesnt want it then he wont take any and that way he still has his feed. i usually offer him 1-2oz at a time but he usually only takes about 5-10 sips.... but it seems to work

Sharon - posted on 01/03/2010

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Good god. People took a simple post and turned it into the spanish inquisition.



No one suggested water boarding the infants. A swallow or two for a FIVE MONTH OLD BABY is not a big deal.



It is a common for doctors to suggest giving a couple of ounces of plain water to help with constipation - that is a fact.



It is also - NOW - well known that babies cannot take large amounts of water.



I looked and looked and googled and googled and I did not find more than 1 case of a documented water intoxication for an infant from a mom who admitted she was trying to stretch out her formula. Her pediatrician should have noticed and asked, when the baby wasn't gaining any weight.



She wasn't just adding a little extra water, she adding 2 ounces of water per feeding for the infant. That is a lot and adds up considerably throughout the day & night.



Water isn't evil. Ignorance is.

Meredith - posted on 01/03/2010

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have you tried grabbing their legs and ushing their knees to their chest? that helps push out the poop! it also helps to relieve gas..

Mel - posted on 01/03/2010

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Sadly Nicole alot of attacking happens on this site. the regulars get away with it because they are all friends and the others get blocked and shut down and bitched about. I will still use coms though. met some great friends through here. Shame about the difficult ones. Dont take it to heart

Nicole - posted on 01/03/2010

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not quite sure who to reply to, seems like people are being attacked on here, i wasn't telling anyone if they are or are not right or wrong, my last reply was from wykpedia and it does talk about water intoxification in adults, but if you read on it states circumstances that are more dangerous and one is size and specifically states "infants". i am also a pediatric nurse and have been one for 5 yrs now. i know some water may be ok i just simply stated to speak to her pedi for specific advice because it can be dangerous. i almost gave my infant h2o and my pedi nearly had heart failure, although when my son was sick he let me dilute his formula. but thanks to all who made this posting miserable, it was my first time on here actually putting in info and i feel like people were uneccessarily rude not just to myself but many of the replys. i thought this was a site for people to share ideas not attack each other.

Mel - posted on 01/03/2010

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Water should be given from birth, between bottle with breast fed or formula fed babies. It helps with constipation, makes sure they are used to the taste so they dont refuse it later and helps keep them cool and hydrated in hot weather

C. - posted on 01/03/2010

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Quoting Sharon:

Just for your information water helps the mylein sheeth that grows around the brain this is very important for the intelligence of the child. 


Yes, and formula and breastmilk are mostly WATER.. There's no "need" to give a baby extra water.

C. - posted on 01/03/2010

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Quoting Nicole:

Please read:
A personal appeal from Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales [Hide][Show]Wikipedia Forever Our shared knowledge. Our shared treasure. Help us protect it. [Show]Wikipedia Forever Our shared knowledge. Our shared treasure. Help us protect it. Water intoxication
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Water intoxication (also known as hyper-hydration or water poisoning) is a potentially fatal disturbance in brain functions that results when the normal balance of electrolytes in the body is pushed outside of safe limits by over-consumption of water.[1] Normal, healthy (both physically and nutritionally) individuals have little reason to worry about accidentally consuming too much water. Nearly all deaths related to water intoxication in normal individuals have resulted either from water drinking contests, in which individuals attempt to consume high amounts of water, or long bouts of intensive exercise during which electrolytes are not properly replenished, yet excessive amounts of fluid are still consumed...


I finally had enough time to skim through your post.. You keep talking about water intoxication in adults.. I am talking about water intoxication in infants. I don't really see where you are trying to get at with this?

[deleted account]

if your wee one is constipated a teaspoon of sugar in the formula works a treat. The nurse at the baby bealth centre gave me that advice and my son was fine.

C. - posted on 01/02/2010

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Quoting Melissa:



Quoting Christina:




Quoting Rose:





Quoting Kirsty:






Quoting Christina:







Quoting Kirsty:

water is fine to give babies, it doesnt matter what age. It actually helps digestion. I used to give my little one a bottle of water before he had a bottle of milk. It doesnt fill their tummys but it gives them the water they need, especially when its a hot day. Just make sure if they r little its boiled cool water.













Oy, some moms are pretty uneducated about water intoxication, I must say.. I live in a hot environment and on the news in the summer they ALWAYS have to advise mothers to never give an infant younger than 6 months water b/c water intoxication is serious. There was a woman about a county over from me the same summer my son was born.. She was on the news b/c her baby was rushed to the ER b/c she had watered down her baby's formula, mainly to "stretch" the formula b/c they were short on cash and otherwise the baby wouldn't have any food. Her baby almost died from it and she was urging mothers to never give babies water unless directed by the doctor (like an ounce or two EVERY ONCE IN A WHILE for severe constipation, not an everyday, all day thing, mind you) b/c it can flush out the baby's electrolytes, cause their brain to swell and lead to death. 














Baby's get enough water from breastmilk and formula, b/c those are mostly water anyway (you can't produce milk w/o water!!!) So adding water to their diet b/c it's hot outside isn't necessary, just give them more formula or breastmilk b/c giving them bottles of plain water can cause a high imbalance of the sodium and nutrients that they need. And if you're worried about milk being left in their mouth, infant toothbrushes and infant gum cleanser is very inexpensive and will not risk your child's health.


















It's unfortumate that this woman lost her child, but she admitted that she over diluted the formula - and who knows what else she was doing.   I doubt she was only over diluting the formula.  I'm suprised at the harsh reactions by some mothers to giving your child water.  It is water and it is healthy in small amounts.  Most parents, like myself, suggest 1-2 ounces a day, not a gallon LOL 










I have 3 small children and I did give them water and cammomile tea and they are super healthy! 










 










 

















Oh no.. She didn't lose her child (I said he ALMOST died) she just had to take him to the ER, but she was on the news to warn every mother watching what can happen if you give a baby water too early.








To a newborn, several ounces are the equivalent of a gallon to an adult.. You do realize that, right? You have to think on their scale, not ours. 








I don't see how you can be surprised by the "harsh reactions".. Like I said before, it is a serious matter.. It's not to be taken lightly. The health and well-being of your child is at stake if you choose to give them too much water and mothers NEED to know this!!!! If you continue doing this after you've been informed, then I'm sorry, but you should be arrested, should something ever happen to your infant.. B/c you've been warned about the dangers and you STILL chose to do something so dangerous that involves your child.. I do believe that can fall under willful neglect (willful neglect: a tendency to be negligent and uncaring). If it's an ounce or two every so often, they should still ask their doctor b/c it's still very dangerous to the baby.









It is water, not that serious of a matter...You're an idiot who is just trying to scare people into your way of thinking! Every mother is different, use your own instincts and don't hesitate to talk to your ped.





Wow.. That was highly inappropriate. Just b/c I have done my research and you have not done yours, doesn't make ME the idiot, it makes YOU the idiot. Go and do yours and stop calling people names when they are telling the truth. By the way, calling someone names like idiot.. It's very immature. And you're how much older than me?? I see this struck a nerve with you, could it be b/c you feel guilty for giving your baby water too early??? And if you notice, a RN posted something on here as well.. In case you don't know what that means, it means she is a Registered Nurse.. She said the same thing I had stated before. She has gone through years of training and classes and has obviously passed her tests, or she wouldn't be an RN.. I suppose since she agrees with my side that you are calling her an idiot as well?? Perhaps you would like to go ahead and call her one since she disagrees with giving infants water.. Or has your foot come out of your mouth yet??



In case you haven't noticed, babies are a much SMALLER scale than ADULTS, which means that a MUCH SMALLER AMOUNT OF WATER CAN HARM THEM, WHEREAS WITH ADULTS IT'S PERFECTLY OK!!! Babies ARE NOT adults, so QUIT treating them as if they were!!!



And if you don't think it's THAT serious of a matter, why don't you talk to all the mothers who have lost their babies DUE to water intoxication! Quit calling people idiots and get your damn facts straight woman!

Cierra - posted on 01/02/2010

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The nurse said no water for baby sweetie, but he started to have bowel problems.So the nurse then changed her mind and said give him 2oz. a day and it should do the trick. Well he's now 4mths old and drinks 3oz. a day to keep him regular. I figure if our bodies are made up of 85% of water then water really cannot be that bad.But keep close eye when giving baby water because babies tend to choke themselves on water.

Breanne - posted on 01/02/2010

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In the end I would just say to get a couple of DR opinions of what to do. Our reg. DR told us we could use karyo (sp?) syrup or milk of magnesia in his bottle, but I wasn't comfortable using that every time my son needed to do a bowel movement. Just not what I wanted to use. But I would just get a couple of DR opinions and choose one that you think will be best for your girls.

Breanne - posted on 01/02/2010

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My oldest son was really constipated when he was an infant, but around four months old I had just had enough of him being like that so I took him to a different doctor than our regular pediatrician. our reg. DR told us not to give him water until he started solids, but when I took him to get a second opinion, I actually took a piece of my sons poop so he could see it and as soon as he saw it he said he needed water. He said if needed, to add a dash of milk or juice to it so he would drink and to give him about 6 oz a day at least, and it has worked ever since then. Now my son is 22 months old and he is very normal in his bowel movements and has been since I started giving him watered down apple juice at about 5 months old. Hope that helps. Good luck mama!

Nicole - posted on 01/02/2010

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Please read:

A personal appeal from Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales [Hide][Show]Wikipedia Forever Our shared knowledge. Our shared treasure. Help us protect it. [Show]Wikipedia Forever Our shared knowledge. Our shared treasure. Help us protect it. Water intoxication

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Water intoxication (also known as hyper-hydration or water poisoning) is a potentially fatal disturbance in brain functions that results when the normal balance of electrolytes in the body is pushed outside of safe limits by over-consumption of water.[1] Normal, healthy (both physically and nutritionally) individuals have little reason to worry about accidentally consuming too much water. Nearly all deaths related to water intoxication in normal individuals have resulted either from water drinking contests, in which individuals attempt to consume high amounts of water, or long bouts of intensive exercise during which electrolytes are not properly replenished, yet excessive amounts of fluid are still consumed.[2]



Contents [hide]

1 High risk factors

1.1 Gastroenteritis, particularly in infants and children

1.2 Low body mass (infants)

1.3 Endurance sports

1.4 Overexertion and heat stress

1.5 Psychiatric conditions

1.6 Medical conditions

2 Iatrogenic

3 Treatment

4 Prevention

5 Notable cases

6 See also

7 References

8 External links





[edit] High risk factors

[edit] Gastroenteritis, particularly in infants and children

The severe diarrhea and vomiting associated with gastroenteritis can result in very large electrolyte losses. Gastroenteritis due to infectious agents (primarily rotavirus), is a major cause of infant and child death. Management of gastroenteritis requires replacing water and electrolytes in proportions that avoid both dehydration and water intoxication. Drinking water will replace lost water and avoid a dehydration, but if the person is unable to take any other drink or food then lost electrolytes will not be replaced, which can result in water intoxication. Replacement fluids for vomiting and diarrhea should be properly balanced to make them isotonic with the fluids lost in these conditions. Special formulations exist for oral rehydration therapy in these cases.



[edit] Low body mass (infants)

It can be very easy for children under 1 year old to absorb too much water, especially if the child is under nine months old. Because of their small body mass, it is easy to take in a large amount of water relative to body mass.[3]





Water intoxication can be prevented if a person's intake of water does not grossly exceed his or her losses.[citation needed] Healty kidneys are able to excrete approximately 1 liter of fluid per hour. However, stress (from prolonged physical exertion), as well as disease states, can greatly reduce this amount.



among athletes because they provide electrolytes to support extended exercise. However most sports drinks are hypotonic and do not contain enough electrolytes to balance excessive intake.[citation needed] Additionally, most contain excessive sugars, which predispose to diarrhea.[citation needed] And most omit starches, though starches are superior for achieving hydration.[citation needed]



Water intoxication should not be confused with dehydration, a loss of fluids (with decreased, normal, or increased electrolytes). However, drinking to satisfy one's thirst prevents both conditions.[citation needed]



[edit] Notable cases

Artist Andy Warhol died from a cardiac arrhythmia. His family sued the hospital, claiming the arrhythmia was a result of water intoxication from being overloaded with fluids after routine gallbladder surgery.[5]

Leah Betts died on November 16, 1995 as the result of drinking too much water, though in the media her death was initially attributed to taking an ecstasy tablet at her 18th birthday party.[6]

On September 12, 1999, US Air Force basic trainee Michael J. Schindler died of heat stroke, severely complicated by water intoxication, two days after becoming seriously ill during a 5.8 mile march. The Air Force changed its recruit training procedures as a result.[7]

On June 9, 2002, 4-year-old Cassandra Killpack of Springville, Utah died as a result of water intoxication when her parents forcefully fed her as much as one gallon (3.8 liters) of water in a short period while she was being disciplined. Her parents, Richard and Jennette Killpack, were convicted in 2005 of child abuse homicide.[8]

On October 12, 2002, 3-year-old Rosita Gonzalez of Hollywood, Florida died of water intoxication when her babysitter Nancy Gayoso punished her by forcing her to drink three quarts (2.8 liters) of water in a four-hour period.[9][10] Gayoso was charged and arrested for murder in the first degree on March 10, 2003. After being declared incompetent to stand trial in 2004 and 2005,[11] Gayoso was found competent on March 26, 2007.

In 2003, Walter Dean Jennings, a freshman history major at SUNY Plattsburgh, was pledging the Psi Epsilon Chi "when he was forced to drink urine, stay awake for days and consume vast amounts of alcohol during a 10-day initiation and hazing process." According to PressRepublican.com, "On his last night of pledging the unrecognized fraternity, the 18-year-old was forced to drink gallons of water through a funnel, which caused his brain to swell from water intoxication and ultimately resulted in his death."[12]

In a much-publicized case of fraternity hazing, four members of the Chi Tau House at California State University, Chico pleaded guilty to forcing 21-year-old student Matthew Carrington to drink excessive amounts of water while performing calisthenics in a frigid basement as part of initiation rites on February 2, 2005.[13] He collapsed and died of heart failure due to water intoxication.

On January 12, 2007, Jennifer Strange, a 28-year-old woman and a mother of 3, from Rancho Cordova, California, was found dead in her home by her mother, hours after trying to win one of Nintendo's Wii game consoles. KDND 107.9 "The End" radio station's "Hold Your Wee for a Wii" contest, involved drinking large quantities of water without urinating. Civil charges against the radio station were filed by Jennifer's family,[14] and the family was eventually awarded $16.5 million in the ensuing wrongful death lawsuit.[15] The FCC has launched its own investigation to determine if the station violated the terms of its operating license.

In 2008, Jacqueline Henson, a 40-year-old British woman, died after drinking four litres of water in under two hours as part of her LighterLife diet plan.[16]

Other notable fatalities due to water intoxication include Australian schoolgirl Anna Wood,[17] 2002 Boston Marathon competitor Cynthia Lucero,[18] and Washington, D.C. police officer James McBride.[19]

[edit] See also

Water portal

Electrolytes

Hyponatremia

Hypernatremia

^ Water Intoxication in Infants

^ http://books.google.com.au/books?id=qYYO...

^ New York Times December 5th 1991

^ "Hyponatremia ("Water Intoxication")". The DEA.org. http://thedea.org/hyponatremia.html. Retrieved 2007-05-10.

^ Grier, Peter (January 2000). "Airman's Death Brings Training Changes". Aerospace World (Air Force Magazine Online). http://www.afa.org/magazine/Jan2000/0100... Retrieved 2007-01-20.

^ "Split verdict surprises and stuns the Killpacks". Deseret News. October 13, 2005. http://deseretnews.com/dn/view/0,1249,630152910,00.html. Retrieved 2008-08-24.

^ Local10.com/WPLG report of water intoxication murder arrest

^ Sun-Sentinel article: Nancy Gayoso declared competent to stand trial

^ Local10.com/WPLG report: "Judge: Baby Sitter in Water Intoxication Death Still Not Competent"

^ http://www.pressrepublican.com/homepage/...

^ Lore, Mark (2005-02-10). "Another death in the family". Chico news & review. http://www.newsreview.com/chico/Content?... Retrieved 2007-05-10.

^ "Woman dies after water-drinking contest". MSNBC. January 13, 2007. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/16614865/. Retrieved 2007-05-10.

^ "Calif. jury awards $16M in radio contestant death". AP. October 29, 2009. http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/arti... Retrieved 2009-10-29.

^ "Woman died from 'too much water'". BBC News. 2008-12-12. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/bradf...

^ "Reasons for dispensing with the holding of an inquest". http://www.erowid.org/chemicals/mdma/mdm... Retrieved 2007-05-10.

^ "Doctors: Marathoner Died From Too Much Water". August 13, 2002. http://www.thebostonchannel.com/newscent... Retrieved 2007-05-10.

^ "District Officer Dies After Bike Ride: Over-Hydration Cited as Factor". http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/con...

[edit] External links

BBC news feature on water intoxication

WaterIntoxication Awareness campaign

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_intoxication"

Categories: Electrolyte disturbances | Intoxication

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Robyn - posted on 01/02/2010

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I have given my babies water since they came home from the hospital. I started out at 4 oz a day and worked up as they got older. I limited juices as I dont think all that sugar is good for a baby and usually the baby juices are just watered down juice anyways so save the $$$.

Catherine - posted on 01/02/2010

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hi all babies from birth can have water but they will normally only drink an oz or so and all babies do need to have water from birth as water is a drink and fromular and breast milk is their food but it must be cooled boiled water i know this as i work within this field

Nicole - posted on 01/02/2010

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too much water for infants can be very dangerous, def ask your doctor before giving, they will take into consideration them being premie and their weight. my pedi suggested kayro syrup where my cousins said 1oz h2o with 1oz prune juice, and my friends just said to add prune juice to the bottle. good luck

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