Comparison of Breast Milk and Formula

Rachael - posted on 09/20/2010 ( 2 moms have responded )

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Hi Mums, i thought i would post this chart of the health benfit differences of Breastmilk and Formula. i was given a copy by my sons health center and found it on Dr Sears website.
I do not judge formula feeding mums, i just thought it would be some good reading since this is the Breastfeeding Group!

COMPARISON OF FORMULAS AND BREASTMILK
To be fair, formula companies have produced milk for babies which, at least on paper, seems to resemble the real thing. Formula is definitely better than it used to be. But on close inspection, what the factories make doesn't quite measure up to what mom makes. It is nearly impossible for artificial baby milk manufacturers to make a milk with nutrients even close to what mothers' bodies can make. And these companies' primary goal is to make a profit, so marketing and manufacturing issues influence what finally gets into the can.

One of our concerns is that even though formula-fed infants appear to grow normally, are they really thriving? Thriving means more than just getting bigger. It means developing to the child's fullest physical, emotional, and intellectual potential. We just don't know about all the long-term effects of tampering with Mother Nature – though we do know that there are significant health differences between formula-fed and breastfed infants. Human milk is a live substance containing live white blood cells and immune-fighting substances, and is a dynamic, changing nutritional source, which daily (sometimes hourly) adjusts to meet the individual needs of a growing baby. Formulas are nothing more than a collection of dead nutrients. They do not contain living white cells, digestive enzymes, or immune factors. In terms of human history, they are a new experiment.

Even though the Infant Formula Act passed by Congress in 1985 mandates the Food and Drug Administration to see that formulas contain all the nutrients that babies need, we don't really know everything there is to know about what babies need. The good news is that formula companies are constantly updating their recipe in order to keep up with new research into infant nutrition. The bad news is that each change in formula is really just a new experiment.

COMPARISON OF BREASTMILK AND FORMULA
NUTRIENT BREASTMILK CONTAINS FORMULA CONTAINS

BREASTMILK FATS
Fats Rich in brain-building omega 3's, namely DHA and AA.
Automatically adjusts to infant's needs; levels decline as baby gets older
Rich in cholesterol
Nearly completely absorbed
Contains fat-digesting enzyme, lipase
FORMULA FATS
No DHA
Doesn't change
No Cholesterol
Not completely absorbed
No lipase
Fat is the most important nutrient in breastmilk; absence of cholesterol and DHA, vital nutrients for growing brains and bodies, may predispose child to adult heart and central nervous system diseases. Leftover unabsorbed fat accounts for unpleasant stools in formula-fed babies.

BREASTMILK PROTEIN
Protein Soft, easily-digestible whey
More completely absorbed
Lactoferrin for intestinal health
Lysozyme, an antimicrobial
Rich in brain and body-building protein components
Rich in growth factors
Contains sleep-inducing proteins
FORMULA PROTEIN
Harder to digest casein curds
Less completely absorbed, more waste, harder on kidneys
None or trace lactoferrin
No lysozyme
Deficient or lower in some
Deficient in growth factors
Automatically adjusts to infant's needs. (e.g., higher in premature infant)

BREASTMILK CARBOHYDRATES
Carbohydrates Rich in lactose
Rich in oligosaccharides that promote intestinal health
FORMULA CARBOGYDRATES
Some formulas contain no lactose.
Deficient in oligosaccaharides
Lactose is considered an important carbohydrate for brain development. Studies show the level of lactose in the milk of a species correlates with the size of the brain of that species.

BREASTMILK IMMUNE BOOSTERS
Immune Boosters Rich in living white blood cells, millions per feeding
Rich in immunoglobulins
FORMULA IMMUNE BOOSTERS
No live white blood cells.
Processing kills all cells. Dead food has less immunological benefit.
Few immunoglubulins and mostly the wrong kind.
When mother is exposed to a germ, she makes antibodies to that germ and gives these antibodies to her infant via her milk.

BREASTMILK VITAMINS AND MINERALS
Vitamins and minerals Better absorbed, especially iron, zinc, and calcium.
Iron is 50-75% absorbed
Contains more selenium (an antioxidant) than formula
FORMULA VITAMINS AND MINERALS
Less absorbed
Iron 5-10 percent absorbed
Vitamins and minerals in breastmilk enjoy a higher bioavailability; a greater percentage is absorbed. To compensate, more is added to formula, which makes it harder to digest.
Enzymes and Hormones Rich in digestive enzymes, such as lipase and amylase.

BREASTMILK ENZYMES AND HORMONES
Rich in many hormones: thyroid, prolactin, oxytocin, and over fifteen others.
FORMULA ENZYMES AND HORMONES
Processing kills digestive enzymes
Processing kills hormones, which are not human, anyway
Digestive enzymes promote intestinal health. Hormones contribute to the overall biochemical balance and well-being of baby.

BREASTMILK COST
Cost $600 a year, extra food for mother
FORMULA COST
Around $1,200 per year for formula; up to $2,500 a year for hypoallergenic formulas; plus cost of bottles, etc.; plus lost income when baby is ill >Breastfeeding families save $600 to $2,000 a year, and often much more in medical bills since baby stays healthier; and employed breastfeeding mothers miss less work.

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